If you are interested in becoming more self-sufficient, then drilling a water well on your property could be a good solution. Private wells give you access to fresh water, regardless of the condition of a municipal water system. To ensure that your well is successful, there are some important steps you should take before drilling ever begins.
Here are three things you should do before drilling a water well on your land.
1. Research other wells that have been drilled in your area.
Many states keep records on private water wells that have been drilled within their borders. These records are public information, and can generally be accessed by contacting the agency that deals with geological hazards and resources within your state.
You will want to pay close attention to wells drilled in your immediate area when looking through public well records. Note the depth to which each well was drilled, and how much water each well yielded. This information will help you determine if a well drilled on your own property will be beneficial, since you are likely to produce results that are similar to other private water wells drilled in your area.
2. Consult maps when selecting a location for your well.
Before you begin drilling, it's important to select the best possible location for your water well. Consulting both a geologic map and an aquifer map can be beneficial in helping you narrow down your options. A geologic map will identify the rock formations that exist on your property. These rock formations can influence ground water accessibility since ground water tends to be nearer the surface in valleys and harder to access in upland areas.
Once you have located rock formations you want to avoid when drilling your well, you can further narrow your drill-site options by consulting an aquifer map. These maps identify aquifers in your area and can lead you to sources of water that are readily accessible.
3. Invest in the right equipment to access your well once it is built.
Having a water pump can make your well water more accessible, and it's important that you invest in the right kind of pump for your well.
If the water level in your well is 26 feet or less from the ground's surface, then a simple suction pump will get the job done. If your water is more than 26 feet from the ground's surface, you will need a submersible pump to access water more readily.
Drilling a water well is a great way to ensure your family has access to fresh drinking water in an emergency. To increase the odds of drilling a successful well, be sure that you research other wells in your area, consult a geographic and aquifer map, and invest in the right kind of pump.
For professional well drilling services, contact a company such as Henderson Well & Pump Co.